Using Occupational Therapy Theory in Practice
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Entry to this course is by direct application to the college. There are no previous academic requirements. Learners must complete 20 hours work experience. Learners must secure this placement themselves. Duration Approx 3 months. Qualification QQI Level 5. Awarding Body QQI. Start Date September Qualification Gained. Entry Requirements. Course Structure.
This is a blended learning course with home study and 2 supported workshops. Course Content Modules. Mental health and the moral treatment era have been recognized as the root of occupational therapy. Mental health illnesses that may require occupational therapy include schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders , depressive disorders , anxiety disorders , eating disorders , trauma- and stressor-related disorders e.
Occupational therapists work with older adults to maintain independence, participate in meaningful activities, and live fulfilling lives. Some examples of areas that occupational therapists address with older adults are driving, aging in place , low vision , and dementia or Alzheimer's Disease AD. To enable independence of older adults at home, occupational therapists perform falls risk assessments, assess clients functioning in their homes, and recommend specific home modifications. When addressing low vision, occupational therapists modify tasks and the environment.
Visual impairment is one of the top 10 disabilities among American adults. Populations that may benefit from occupational therapy includes older adults, persons with traumatic brain injury, adults with potential to return to driving, and children with visual impairments. Visual impairments addressed by occupational therapists may be characterized into 2 types including low vision or a neurological visual impairment. Occupational therapy for older adults with low vision includes task analysis, environmental evaluation, and modification of tasks or the environment as needed.
Many occupational therapy practitioners work closely with optometrists and ophthalmologists to address visual deficits in acuity, visual field, and eye movement in people with traumatic brain injury, including providing education on compensatory strategies to complete daily tasks safely and efficiently. Adults with a stable visual impairment may benefit from occupational therapy for the provision of a driving assessment and an evaluation of the potential to return to driving.
Lastly, occupational therapy practitioners enable children with visual impairments to complete self care tasks and participate in classroom activities using compensatory strategies. Occupational therapists address the need for rehabilitation following an injury or impairment. When planning treatment, occupational therapists address the physical, cognitive, psychosocial, and environmental needs involved in adult populations across a variety of settings. Because of the rising need for occupational therapists in the U. Assignments can range from 8 weeks to 9 months, but typically last 13—26 weeks in length.
Occupational therapists work with clients who have had an injury and are returning to work. OTs perform assessments to simulate work tasks in order to determine best matches for work, accommodations needed at work, or the level of disability.
Work conditioning and work hardening are interventions used to restore job skills that may have changed due to an illness or injury. Occupational therapists can also prevent work related injuries through ergonomics and on site work evaluations. The skills of an occupational therapist enable them to serve as advocates for systemic change, impacting institutions, policy, and entire populations. Examples of populations that experience occupational injustice include:.
For example, the role of an occupational therapist working with refugees could include: . Community based practice allows for OTs to work with clients and other stakeholders such as families, schools, employers, agencies, service providers, stores, day treatment and day care and others who may influence the degree of success the client will have in participating. It also allows the therapist to see what is actually happening in the context and design interventions relevant to what might support the client in participating and what is impeding her or him from participating.
The role of the OT also may vary, from advocate to consultant, direct care provider to program designer, adjunctive services to therapeutic leader. In contrast, occupational injustice relates to conditions wherein people are deprived, excluded or denied of opportunities that are meaningful to them. Within occupational therapy practice, injustice may ensue in situations wherein professional dominance, standardized treatments, laws and political conditions create a negative impact on the occupational engagement of our clients. Worldwide, there is a range of qualifications required to practice occupational therapy.
Canada and more recently an Occupational therapy doctorate OTD is becoming more common e. United states. Additionally, in the United States, there is also an option to become a certified occupational therapy assistant COTA , which can be achieved from completing an associates degree from an accredited educational program. It can be noted that the educational requirement to have a doctoral degree for practice in occupational therapy is not required until in the United States, and practitioners with a lesser degree achieved before will be grandfathered into practice.
In conjunction with the educational component of occupational therapy education, there exists a fieldwork component for all educational programs which is a requirement to achieve a degree in OT. All OT education program include periods of clinical education and fieldwork practicing with evaluation and treatment of clients in various clinical settings. Some examples of fieldwork experience include but are not limited to working with stroke patients in rehabilitation hospitals, developmental treatment with children in the community, working with olders adults with dementia in skilled nursing homes, and mental health settings.
The profession of occupational therapy is based on a wide theoretical and evidence based background.
The OT curriculum focuses on the theoretical basis of occupation through multiple facets of science, including occupational science, anatomy, physiology, biomechanics, and neurology. In addition, this scientific foundation is integrated with knowledge from psychology, sociology and more. The WFOT concerns that occupational therapists will have access to further professional education, higher degrees and post professional training. Occupational therapists are also participating in research in various areas of practice. In the United States, Canada and other countries around the world, there is a licensure requirement.
In order to obtain OT license, the Occupational therapists need to graduate from an accredited OT educational program, complete their fieldwork requirements and to apply and pass national certification examination. Occupational therapists use theoretical frameworks to frame their practice. Note that terminology differs between scholars. An incomplete list of theoretical bases for framing a human and their occupations include the following:. Generic models are the overarching title given to a collation of compatible knowledge, research and theories that form conceptual practice.
Though there are conceptual models listed above that allow the therapist to conceptualise the Occupational Roles of the patient, it is often important to use further reference to embed Clinical Reasoning. The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health ICF is a framework to measure health and ability by illustrating how these components impact one's function. This relates very closely to the Occupational Therapy Practice Framework, as it is stated that "the profession's core beliefs are in the positive relationship between occupation and health and its view of people as occupational beings".
The ICF also includes contextual factors environmental and personal factors that relate to the framework's context. In addition, body functions and structures classified within the ICF help describe the client factors described in the Occupational Therapy Practice Framework. It is noted in the literature that occupational therapists should use specific occupational therapy vocabulary along with the ICF in order to ensure correct communication about specific concepts. It also may not be possible to exactly match the connotations of the ICF categories to occupational therapy terms.
The ICF is not an assessment and specialized occupational therapy terminology should not be replaced with ICF terminology. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Not to be confused with Occupational medicine. Retrieved American Occupational Therapy Association. World Federation of Occupational Therapists. American Journal of Occupational Therapy. An introduction to occupational science, A foundation for occupational therapy in the 21st century.
Haworth Press. Australian Occupational Therapy Journal.
Theories and Models
Audacious values: the energy source for occupational therapy practice in G. Kielhofner Health though occupation: Theory and practice in occupational therapy. Philadelphia, FA Davis. Theoretical basis of occupational therapy 2nd Ed. Clinical reasoning in occupational therapy in Higgs J and Jones M Clinical reasoning in the health professions. Oxford, Butterworth Heinemann Ltd. The philosophy of occupation therapy. Archives of Occupational Therapy, 1, 1— Journal of Occupational Science. Townsend; Helene J.
Polatajko Canadian Association of Occupational Therapists.
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Using occupational therapy theory in practice | London South Bank University
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