Highlights einer unglaublichen Geschichte: Erlebnisse, über die man ungern spricht (German Edition)

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Table of contents

Log out of ReadCube. Volume 80 , Issue 3. If you do not receive an email within 10 minutes, your email address may not be registered, and you may need to create a new Wiley Online Library account. If the address matches an existing account you will receive an email with instructions to retrieve your username. John's College, Oxford Search for more papers by this author. Tools Request permission Export citation Add to favorites Track citation. Share Give access Share full text access.

Share full text access. Please review our Terms and Conditions of Use and check box below to share full-text version of article. Get access to the full version of this article. View access options below. You previously purchased this article through ReadCube. Institutional Login. In a second step, children in need of community support were auctioned off in public markets to the lowest bidder.

This does not mean the slave trade ended then. Robinson, who shows concisely how slavery and racism were first developed and applied within Europe, and then applied to non-Europeans. Cedric J. Boswell, The Kindness of Strangers. Foster parents had, for example, to be able to provide adequate food, a bed and clothing. How problematic this was is explored in how Daskind ends up with the Kenels, and in why and how the decision is made to re-place her. In addition, to reduce the spreading of infectious diseases, in particular tuberculosis, Swiss cantons started to pass bills in the first quarter of the twentieth century making the receiving of a foster child contingent upon a health permit.

Research has shown that these laws were often not effective. Tuberculosis ravaged Europe in the first quarter of the twentieth century. The effectiveness of the laws was questioned. Loosli wrote in a biting commentary about what legal protection for children in community and state care really meant.

He described a case where a highly esteemed official sexually abused a twelve-year-old foster boy. When charges were finally pressed, the perpetrator was sentenced to ten days in prison and let go on probation. Despite the good intensions, these laws were implemented in rural regions with significant delays and did not include the large group of children placed privately.

Those children and youth remained without legal protection. At the same time, the right to perform corporal punishment was suspended from the Swiss law. The new law, based on the smaller revision, was enacted on January 1st, Nevertheless, abuse and neglect continue to be detailed in research reports, media and personal accounts. One of the reasons why foster parents were barely compensated for their work until the nineteen seventies was that one wanted to prevent that just anybody could take in a child.

Instead, only citizens who had a good reputation, who were hard working and able to support themselves financially could receive a child. Moreover, it was often well known who were good foster parents, and who were not. The town-hall meeting, illustrates poignantly the conflicting interests the protagonist, representing foster children, is trapped by.

Because placements in institutions are much more expensive than placements in foster families, the administration prefers that Daskind be placed privately within the very community that does not want her. The customer is in this case primarily the community and the foster-mother. This in turn puts the protagonist at risk of non-permanency. In a first step, I analyze how the un-familying of children is problematized and then show how the interconnection of indirect, i.

The novel explores and exposes the violent nature of the structures and notions, which I read as being part of a Foucauldean power-knowledge network, that un-family children and youth in the first place. The second part of my analysis of violence in Daskind focuses on violence the protagonist inflicts. Daskind not only struggles against the violence she experiences but also exercises violence and with that power as defined by Foucault.

Social laws and customs are supported by the more official structures of science, church and law, as well as their institutions and representatives. The narrator stresses herewith how customs and laws continue to un-family children. Mehr illustrates in this narrative how the portrayed society, representing Western societies, ensures and maintains order, which is perceived as a form and expression of power and knowledge as theorized by Foucault. This discursive network, which constitutes subjects through discipline, permeates all levels of society. Leni who drops off her newborn child without the influence of any apparent outside force, illustrates the element of self-discipline.

The town hall meeting, on the other hand, signifies how discipline is enforced from outside. Long hair was in many cultures seen as a symbol of power and freedom. If unbound, long hair signifies sexual permissiveness. In contrast, short hair stands for restrained sexuality, and shorn off hair for celibacy. Monks and nuns cut or shave off their hair voluntarily as a sign of submission to God. It thus reflects an existing power imbalance. Their hair is a signifier of their uniqueness, personality, and in some cases a visible sign of their origin.

To Epistle to the Hebrews: Samson from the Old Testament lost his super-human strength as soon as his hair was shorn off. In the case of girls, it furthermore defeminizes them, makes them gender neutral and appear younger than they are, and therefore puts them into more malleable and manageable age group, i. Caring for shorn hair is less time consuming, overall easier and therefore much cheaper than caring for long hair. Cutting off their hair was a way to ensure that they would, for example, not bring lice into the house or institution.

Mental, spiritual and corporal disciplining, as executed by the nuns and later by foster parents and villagers, were ways of how order and power were instilled, internalized and This was particularly important in mass-care institutions. She is the uncanny. In fact, the child of unknown origin is for her a daily reminder that some of those who break these rules are actually rewarded i. Frieda never wanted Daskind in the first place and treats her accordingly as a misfit.

Before Daskind was conceived, he thought of marrying Leni. Calling her names and chasing her through the streets are some of the more benign things the local children picked up from the adults in their lives. The novel shows that Mehr, Daskind, 91ff. Mehr, Daskind, This is, furthermore, an allusion to E. The long list of parenting advice of how mothers of the region should care for their crying children signifies how much a society invests into child rearing of familied children and how that knowledge, whether filled with superstition or not, is passed on from generation to generation.

Kafka’s Travels

The protagonist does experience trauma on multiple levels, but she never has any feelings of desire for any of the men, or women, in her life. When a child like Thechild cries at night, at most an indifferent moon hangs in the sky, perhaps an owl cries. The author argues in Daskind that to be un-familied multiplies the risk of experiencing violence and augments the duration and severity of occurring violence.

The Ibid. Their special needs include additional measures to protect them from abuse. Hobbs et al. It is important to note that not all of the abuse happens at the hands of non-family caretakers. However, when no, or little, long-term and trusting relationship develop between caretakers and a child or youth in care, that young person is unlikely to ask for help or to relay early warning signs of imminent abuse.

More recent research across Western Europe reveals similar findings. So is Daskind, for example, easily forgotten even by those who are officially responsible for her. Frieda, readers learn, forgets Daskind every afternoon, and Kari forgets her when he takes her for a walk in the forest. Not only do they not hear Daskind leave the house, they also seem not to hear Lacher entering her bedroom. Indeed, Kari was aware of what Lacher did to Daskind.

Suddenly, he felt like an accomplice of the boarder, who came and went in his Chalet for two years and had left behind ugly marks. The portrayal of how the nameless psychologist assesses Daskind with Dr. His violent interactions do not end there. He gives Daskind multiple physical exams, which would have revealed that she is physically abused and at high risk of being sexually abused. Es ist ihm nicht leicht ums Herz. Beileibe nicht, [ This does not weigh lightly on his heart.

Certainly not, […] duty calls. They recommend that further research be undertaken on the issue. Polio vaccine, for example, was tested on children in US orphanages, as well as on people in Africa. Rudolf Alexander Jr. Einen Ort des Vertrauens. Safety and security. A place of trust. Pastor Knobel, another apparent role model of this society, lives and works in accord with the same principles. Job loss is apparently a fate many pastors endured if they went against the backwards thinking of a rural parish.

Lengwiler et al. The narrative explores, however, a more sinister aspect of this practice: the all-male town hall meeting votes, with an overwhelming majority, that Daskind has to leave. The reason for re-moving Daskind is not concern for her wellbeing. The primary goal Ibid. Switzerland was one of the last Europe countries to grant women the right to vote. This practice lasted into the late nineteen seventies. This means they have to adjust to a new team of adults whom for the time being are in charge of their lives and partially responsible for them. In addition to the emotional and physical effects children experience with every change of placement, they face similar challenges as immigrant children.

It is further important to note that the number of placements is not automatically identical to the number of caregivers. Peter J. This creates an additional arc of suspense of what might come to pass: [1] Warten. Auf was denn? For what then? Schiller, Die Piccolomini , 5. Aufzug, 1. The first three lines imply that the protagonist hopes for different times, when she would able to live without constant fear. Line four changes this reading and brings to the fore that the young girl may actually be waiting for a time when she can hit somebody without having to fear the consequences.

The portrayed contradictory feelings separate the poetry insert with regard to content into two stanzas.

UBC Theses and Dissertations

The second half of the insert, lines four, five and six, introduces the element of deliberate and careful planning of a violent act, including the selection of a victim at the hands of the young female protagonist. This in turn highlights early in the novel that Daskind is exposed to immense violence, which affects her severely, and stresses that the abuse started long before the narrative begins.

The poetry insert underscores that the protagonist lives a life full of fear and that she is on the constant lookout for danger, in the village as well as in the foster home. The will, desire and hope to hit, whether once somebody specific, or anybody at any point, is highlighted when one reads only alternating lines, starting with line two followed by the stanza consisting of line one, three and five: Ms Freudenstau is a community member who debases and harasses Daskind every Monday.

Auf was den? The outcome, the narrator stresses, depends on what examples her immediate environment and society as a whole set for her. On the one hand, they are perceived as dangerous. Being seen as slow or dumb was not only a reason to not be adopted or taken into a foster family in the first Ibid. To cope with her life, she internalizes, step by step, the abuse she is exposed to.

Dann kratzte es die rote Farbe weg, die einmal ein Lippenpaar markierte. The mouth, now only a delicate, barely visible groove in the lower half of the round face-disc, smiles vacantly. In this regard, this novel is also a story about how a child is pushed to the point of self-mutilation and suicide. The narrator conveys this transformation in gut-wrenching detail, like close-ups, and distributes them throughout the book. The process of installing hatred and violence in Daskind is not an easy undertaking, neither for for the protagonist, nor for the community.

The protagonist makes an attempt to run away from the Chalet Idaho and the village to break free from abuse and rejection. When loving strangers find Daskind, she is, however, already Ibid. She is eventually pushed to the brink of hatred, when Bruno Keller, representing the business world, takes once more sadistic pleasure in accusing Daskind of stealing and in touching her inappropriately.

This pivotal scene starts with Keller intercepting her on her way to the sexton. He penetrates her mouth with his cheroot, which triggers in Daskind memories of sexual abuse and causes her to throw up all over the bouquet. Enraged by the sight of Daskind and of the destroyed roses, the sexton subsequently beats Daskind bloody, under the non-responsive gaze of the Holy Mother in the sacristy.

Moreover, she has to live without that love and protection in a society that professes to uphold and worship these traits and values. This non-sensical contradiction pushes her repeatedly to the brink of insanity. They assume that the boy is an innocent victim and are dismayed that something like that could happen to one of their own. The villagers label the unknown perpetrator a beast and a child abuser, and the police searche for the child molester. In contrast, nobody comes looking for Daskind when she disappears at night or during the day, or to check on her when she sleeps or when Kari and Frieda hear something from her room.

This girl, for whom nobody takes full responsibility, is physically and sexually abused by adults and children on an almost daily basis. Her post-traumatic reactions are not recognized as such but are instead used to justify further punishment and ostracism. Is full off cockiness fallen into the thorn hedge. As nobody takes full responsibility for the un-familied girl, and everybody turns a blind eye to what happens to Daskind, there is no perceived crime against her, and consequently nobody searches for a perpetrator on her behalf.

Not even killing birds helps her any longer to endure the world she lives in. This Ibid. Daskind tries everything she can think of including alcohol, hitting her head bloody on the church wall, walking with closed eyes across an intersection and swallowing snail poison. Research shows a clear correlation between experienced abuse and self-harm, including suicide, as well as between experienced violence and antisocial delinquency. Furthermore, children in foster care have a higher mortality rate than those in the general population. Groh comes to similar results. She confirms that the currently existing data are similar across studies from the western world.

She provides a fruitful overview of research to this topic. Eva-Maria G. Children who have experienced mass care as infants show, however, some increased challenges and needs. These findings have recently been re-confirmed. Like often before, Kari forgets Daskind and strides ahead. In an effort to connect with him, she reaches for him. Seeing his fright and sensing his fear, readers learn, allows Daskind to breathe easier.

The narrator illustrates here that Daskind has at this point in the story internalized the interconnection of order and violence, which is deeply ingrained in the portrayed society. In addition, the Comparing low-income children and youth with children in care: A. For an overview of mental health impact of children in care: T. Keller, A. Salazar and M. Katz et. The girl overhears the whispered conversation between the sexton and Kari in which Gingg uses the handkerchief, with which she blindfolded the Ambach boy, to finally take revenge on Kari for defiling Leni. How Daskind shoots the sexton down with her slingshot is depicted over the course of seven pages.

Readers are as captured by the minute description leading up to the act, as the protagonist is absorbed in the preparations of it. The latter becomes particularly salient when considering critics who state that Daskind kills the sexton. Both define intelligence as a process that is not contingent on knowledge acquired at school or university.

Lloyd G. Around the same time, Reuven Feuerstein defines intelligence as the ability to learn. Reuven Feuerstein et al. The novel ends without revealing any further information about the outcome of the attack. Their long line of failed attempts to connect is paralleled by increasingly violent behaviour on both sides. To make matters worse, the villagers see the wolf fur incident as reason to go forward with the proposed exorcism.

Consequently, they too had to work as maids, farm hands, servants or unskilled labourers. Violence, in all its various manifestations is, as discussed, an intrinsic part of that history. The protagonist and Lacher are at the beginning of the narrative projected to appear, in an initial reading, as clear opposites, namely, as victim respectively perpetrator. The juxtaposition of Lacher, who represents the past and Daskind, who represents in the novel the present, serves to convey the idea that the past is not only alive in the present but also that some aspects of state and community care have not changed.

Both WVHPK characters are, for example, made family-less by laws that break families apart and un-family children, sometimes even before they can become a family, as is the case with Leni and Daskind. Both child figures experience violence on multiple levels. This in turn makes it easier to exploit them as cheap or free labour, abuse them and use them as a site of projection.

Crossover Chat 306

Learning what they have been taught, Lacher and Daskind defer frustration and violence. Lacher, who is stripped of his dignity from a very young age and stripped of his manliness as a young adult, defers his anger eventually towards Daskind. He treats her with the same disrespect he has personally experienced, and sees society treat her. After Daskind shoots the sexton and walks away, the narrative ends with the lines: Hat Daskind einen Frieden gefunden. Smiles again, Daskind.

In fact, the open ending allows for a potential future wherein Daskind receives the help and environment she needs to heal, thrive and have a chance at a positive life. Consequently, dark hair, dark eyes and a darker complexion can be read by those living in this system as a marker for the negative and of lack.

He wrote Todesfuge in Echoes of this rhetoric can still be found today. Mehr speaks to this in when she states that the Ibid. However, as I have shown in previous chapter sections some of the structures and the appertaining rhetoric that made the removal and institutionalizing of children, youth and adults in Switzerland possible, predate Nazi Germany. Of the estimated males interned, an estimate of eighty-nine were killed. In June , the Lager Uckermark opened in Brandenburg.

This youth concentration camp for girls and young women had more then internees. In addition, in the children concentration camp Lager Litzmannstadt was opened for polish children and youth from the ages of two to sixteen initially only years old, then 8 years old, and eventually children as young as two. An estimate of children and youth died in the Lager. The camp was liberated in It is important to note that those who could not be aryanised or had the wrong ethnic or racial background were at the highest risk of being transferred to concentration camps and killed.

This had far reaching consequences, particularly in North America, in regard to recognition, commemoration, compensation and restitution, research and dissemination of knowledge. Furthermore, as long as Wiesel was the chair of the U. Holocaust Memorial Museum in Washington D. They were deported and murdered in camps. Some estimate the number as high as 1 to 1. Breger is one of the exceptions. Furthermore, by choosing a protagonist who is a local child rather than one of Gypsy, Jewish or of some other ethnic-racial descent, the author highlights through this narrative that colonial mechanisms existed in countries with no colonial history, neither as colonial powers, nor as colonized countries: Die Puppe war ein Geschenk der Kellers nebenan.

Brockmeyer, Das Haar roch nach Kakao und Kuchen. The hair smelled like cacao and cake. When Daskind got careless and pulled on the fair hair, Marie hit her in the face - or worse — cried so long that Mrs.

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Keller came up from the store and swearing loudly hunted Thechild out of the house. The ragdoll references within this context the inadequate payment, which was common for people serving in colonial work relations. American cultural and literary historian Sander L.

Robert J. Conversely, the promised equality went hand in hand with the exclusion of everybody who was not considered to be part of the national community. Ute Planert Frankut a.

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  7. Young provides an example of racialization of class from D. This meant, furthermore, that servants were not seen as a different class, which could have prompted critical analyses and social change. Furthermore, Stoler provides an interesting overview of research investigating the link between class and race.

    Here the color black refers to the darkened skin due to his work as a chimneysweeper. Until the mid-nineteenth century, children of the poor from this region were sold to Milano Italy to work as chimneysweepers. The book describes the exploitation and danger these boys faced, and how it cost some of them their lives. The concept of being dirty due to manual labour has also been used to distinguish the educated man from the uneducated monster. This passage shows furthermore that economic power exceeds sex. As a consequence of belonging to a lower class, Parkin is not only racialized but also feminized.

    British child migrants were sent overseas as early as the late seventeenth century to work as farmhands, serfs and maids. Around the turn of the last century, approximately half of all immigrant children in Canada were in fact British child labour migrants, i. When considering the racialization of class, however, it is very likely that they were perceived as another race in nineteenth century England. Child labour migrants were one tool colonial Britain employed to strengthen its position in the colonies and to externalize a growing problem.

    Mehr, we can conclude, is acutely aware of the long and persistent history of Othering in colonial and non-colonial Europe, and that it often goes beyond ethnicity and biological race. As such, the book can be read as a text that helps This term is used, for example, by Phyllis Harrison in her extensive research on this particular group. Sherington and Jeffery, Fairbridge — Empire and Child. Ashcroft, G. Griffiths and H. Tiffin, London and New York: Routledge, , I argue that Mignon longs for a father and permanency and not for a lover, and that it is the lack of belonging and repeated loss that cause her death not infantile jealousy or pre-pubertal love.

    Tiffin London and New York: Routledge, , Years later and unaware that they are related, Sperata and her brother Augustin fall in love. After family and clergy learn of their intimate relationship they enforce their separation. That is, the ties to children who were given into care with friends and neighbours, placed in foundling homes or abandoned at the doors of churches were not always completely severed. Blackall makes a minor change. The girl is, with the approval of her family, mostly left to her own devices for hours on end. The child went out and did not come again: her little hat was found swimming on the water, near the spot where a torrent rushed down into the sea.

    The rest of the citation is from Carlyle and Neilson. The first Wilhelm Meister novel, Sendung includes a scene of sexual assault.

    down the chimney Manual

    The figure Mignon is said to have inspired more scholarly studies than any other supporting character of German fiction. Articles to Lehrjahre cover a wide range of topics. Fritz R. Richard A. Karl J. Gerhart Hoffmeister offers an interesting overview of the interpretation and reception of Mignon. Franke, Helmut Ammerlahn argues similar. Name, Gestalt, Symbol, Wesen und Werden. He reiterates this position in a more recent publication.

    Other scholars have followed this line of taught. Julia Brettschneider, for example, reads Mignon as a puppet-like being. Katharina Jeorgakopulos Berlin: Argument, , 85ff. Katharina Jeorgakopulos Berlin: Argument, , Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung, , 72, Franke, , She is to this day one of the few authors who analyze Mignon in her own right. She investigates the figure through the lens of childhood abuse with a special focus on incest. Jirku starts out analyzing Mignon independently from Wilhelm. However, she too reads her eventually in relation to his inner development.

    Schottlaender recognizes Mignon as a foster child and child of incest, and acknowledges her love for Wilhelm as a father. Mignon does not provide Natalie with clear and coherent statements. All four translators include this important qualifier. Mein Geliebter! Mein Gatte!

    Mignon, the Lied implies, is longing for a friend, a protector and ultimately for a father; Therese, on the other hand, is ultimately looking for a husband. My Beloved! My Husband! This is clearly not the case. He made her […] repeat the stanzas, and explain them; he wrote them down and translated them into his native language. Waidson, Frivolous chatter of Philene and the other girls, together with a certain little song.

    The attentive reader knows, however, that Mignon shows already first signs of heart problems at the end of the second book, namely, the very moment she is informed by Wilhelm that he wants to move on and leave her in the care of strangers. Gerhard Kaiser and Friedrich A. Blackall is not suitable for all scholarly work, as his translation misses entire passages from the original. On the contrary, the allusions to Mignon stress the long history of this practice at the hands of the cultured and the educated. The following chapter sections explore how Mignon navigates being part of a foster family, her own needs and longing for permanency and family, and how she finally comes to terms with being a foster child instead of being adopted.

    As a consequent thereof, Mignon experiences signs of heart problems: …eine Art Zucken, das ganz sachte anfing und sich, durch alle Glieder wachsend verbreitete. Ich bin dein Kind! You will be my father! I am your child! Both the protagonist and Mignon experience at this point in Lehrjahre a change of address.

    Waidson edits this sentence out. Both Neilson and Blackall stress in their translations that Mignon did initially not trust Wilhelm and questions his sincerity and motives for buying her from the tight rope artists. I am thy child! The first caregiver was her mother, the second caregivers were her first foster family, the third the people who took her, the fourth the travelling group of tight rope artists, and the fifth was Wilhelm.

    This is signified by the second change of address. Du bist ja mein! Ich werde dich behalten, dich nicht verlassen! I will keep thee, I will never forsake thee! Waidson too includes this disclaimer. Sie hat sich dir hingegeben! She has given herself away for thee! She has given herself to you, […] given herself in faith and trust to you. She is once again the foster child, a foreigner and female and therefore superfluous. Understanding this but being too young to be on her own, Mignon relegates herself to the position of a servant within what in the end turns out to be a fairly common family situation, namely, a father, a son and an absent mother who died in childbed.

    The law of inheritance guaranteed the eldest son his name and power. However, this is not what happens. Blackall embellishes the text a bit in his translation. In this section, it is Waidson who choses modern day language. It will be good for me as well as hurting me. Blackall stays close to the German original. Carlyle and Neilson change this phrase in an interesting way. Instead, she offered to serve, i.

    The allusions reference here also the knowledge that infants who are not touched and lovingly cared for, even if they are fed and clothed, have a much higher death rate than their lovingly parented peers. The ones who do not die are at risk of Hospitalism, respectively Kaspar Hauser syndrome. This has been known for centuries and has been confirmed in the nineteen fifties through Harry F.

    All three translators portray a meeker Mignon than the original. At last, Wilhelm gives in to her request and sends both children to Therese. However, several pages later readers learn that Mignon is severely ill and that her caregivers worry she could die any moment. Wilhelm is asked to hurry to her and to bring Felix with him. Blackall and Waidson stay closer to the German original. Was tat ich zu seiner Bildung, nach der es so sehr strebte? I drew the dear child towards me; her presence gave me pleasure; yet I cruelly neglected her. What did I do for her education, which she longed for with such earnestness?

    I left her to herself, and to all the accidents to which in a society of coarse people she could be exposed. That her eagerness to learn more about other countries is fueled by her wish to find her home does not signify a lack of intelligence. On the contrary, this shows how needs for belonging and permanency, and for a family and home utilize and incite intelligence and other skills. This, as well as the lack of schooling and tutoring, and not, as some scholars argue, her weak cognitive and fine motor skills, explain her struggle with writing. In Erfurt, for example, the curriculum of a boarding school for nobility and middle class girls included natural sciences, mythology, geography, world and literary history, English, etc.

    The loss of Felix triggers the final aspect of it. This also Nathan Rabin expresses this eloquently in his review of the movie Short Term Blackall and Waidson make small changes in their translations of this passage. But this is not what happens, and Mignon dies before Wilhelm and Natalie marry.

    These are, I argue, the male phantasies of the middle and upper classes. In other words, she dies because she does not have family. Like Daskind, Mignon is drawn as a child with dark hair, dark eyes and dark complexion. Blackall stays closer to the German original. Also, fair children have to this day a higher chance of being adopted than those of darker complexion. As discussed earlier, abandonment was a widespread problem that affected not only the poor. Exact data about child abandonment in eighteenth century Europe is still scarce and limited to individual cities and institutions.

    As early as the eighth century, Italy, the dominion of the Catholic Church, is the first European country known to have opened foundling homes to address the issue of abandoned children. Foundling homes were foremost urban institutions, which meant that baby transports existed from rural regions to cities, and if necessary across national borders.

    Seminal were the ideas and convictions that children only be raised by married couples, that all babies be baptized, and that abortion and infanticide as a means to preserve family honor be stopped. Boswell, The Kindness of Strangers, He bases his conclusions on data from the charitable institution Annunziata in Naples, from the seventeenth to the nineteenth century. He stresses that the survival chance of foundlings who were taken in by a family was significantly higher. Nicholas his wealth and Jesus his life.

    Blackall and Waidson omit Knecht Rupert, St. In a sophisticated ambiance, an international array of artists will have an excellent opportunity to reach Swiss private collectors, as well as corporate clients and institutions. A must for every art enthusiast! Zurich Film Festival 26 September — 6 October, An event for culture aficionados everywhere, the Zurich Film Festival offers a platform for the most promising filmmakers around the globe.

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    So why not get our creative juices going, try something completely new and dive into a warmer world of imagination? The trendy new entertainment concept ensures an immersive experience throughout and is the perfect way to forget adult life for just a few hours. Escape Rooms are popping up everywhere these days. But wait until you have tried it, and the fever for finding ingenious clues, overcoming mental obstacles and winning the game in time has taken over.

    The trendy entertainment concept has long established itself in various major cities from London to Berlin. Get your group of friends, workmates or family together and see if you can outsmart the game. Each room is differently themed: there. It will most certainly be anything but boring. At Trip Trap, there are a variety of themed rooms to choose from. In one of them you will meet the greatest voodoo priestess — and maybe realise that accepting her dinner invitation was a mistake. The level of this Escape Room is known for being hard, but who does not relish a good challenge?!

    Illuminati Escape, Berlin As the name suggests, teams fight the secret organisation Illuminati from taking over the world. It is a bit more technical, but you certainly do not have to be a computer expert to solve this game. Another room involves a secret NASA blueprint, which has to be secured in a casino setting — again, 60 minutes is the time limit and the clock is ticking.

    It is a great one for team-building challenges and corporate events. The classic concept has been extended with special effects and incorporates great storytelling. A brand-new premium room is currently being con-. Not quite for the faint-hearted, teams are part of a special police force and need to solve the mystery around a serial killer on the streets of Berlin.

    The story is set against the backdrop of the vibrant s and includes historical facts, which give the game a realistic feel. Sophisticated puzzles and a great range of props make this a full-on immersive adventure. The team behind them. The immersive element usually takes over very quickly and it is a good reminder that there is a creative kid in all of us after all — and from time to time we should nurture that part of us a little bit as well.

    For sophisticated city tourists, as well as for trend-conscious business travellers from all over the world, the hotel offers a wonderful base in the heart of Munich. Comfortably subtle while still maintaining a statement-factor: the interior design sets new standards. When it comes to the culinary side of things, the hotel favours organic quality and short supply routes.

    The trendy boutique hotel is a luxurious place, where you can simply relax and let go. The Swiss city that has it all While obviously impressing with a medieval old town with plenty of sights, charming streets and shops, Zurich is also a mustvisit for art and culture fans, as well as nature enthusiasts. Unsurprisingly, Zurich is also a wonderfully trendy town — so there really is something for everyone to explore. In the following special theme, we showcase some of the best places to visit.

    Christmas impressions on Bahnhofstrasse, Zurich. If you have been in Zurich before, you know how enchanting this city really is. If you have not been, might be the year you should plan a visit. With a population of around ,, Zurich lies at the north end of Lake Zurich in northern Switzerland. It is a relatively small city but, nonetheless, has a lot on offer.

    Taking a stroll through the charming lanes while gazing at the many cute shops and impressive medieval and Renaissance architecture is an experience in itself. Or why not. Luckily, Zurich is perfectly laid-out for sightseeing on foot. Culture fans can go to a variety of different museums and exhibitions and nature fans should head to the Dolderbahn railway which brings them to the hilly Zurichberg district. From here, visitors can enjoy breathtaking views across Lake Zurich, the city and the mountains in the background.

    After an eventful day out sightseeing and exploring, a variety of innovative and topclass restaurants and eateries of every kind are waiting for guests. Zurich does have it all! So what are you waiting for? We take a closer look! Wir haben uns umgesehen. Gastropub The Alehouse - Palmhof opened its doors in and is now a popular meeting place for aficionados of exceptional beer. The variety of tasty brands on offer here is remarkably wide. If one barrel is empty, we tap another brand.

    Yet, how does one get the best out of a visit to The Alehouse — Palmhof? Guests are in for spectacular surprises at regular events like the pub quizzes with ensuing beer tasting. For over a hundred years it has enjoyed huge popularity, and also beyond the Swiss border too. From stars and starlets to dance-loving party people and concert fans — everyone knows the Mascotte.

    Since its opening in , the club at the legendary Corso-Haus has remained one of the most popular establishments in Zurich. Stars visited regularly… and still do! Viele Stars gingen hier ein und aus… und tun dies noch immer! The Mascotte offers a daily, varied programme including DJ-sets, live concerts, comedy nights, readings and other events.

    DIE UNGLAUBLICHEN 2 Exklusiver Clip & Trailer Deutsch German (2018)

    Whether by day or by night, it is also the perfect venue for corporate events, seminars, family occasions, fashion shows or press conferences. Go check it out! It is a meeting point for Zurich football fans from different countries — Switzerland, as well as Belgium, Germany or England. And on Friday and Saturday evenings, football makes space for dancing and drinks. The name itself already reveals the close connection to football: The bar is named after the legendary German football player Franz Beckenbauer.

    Sometimes a bit tired and chaotic, he is still always in a good mood. During the popular beer tastings that the bar hosts, Rudy not only puts beer on the counter, he also puts it into a historic context, including everything from details about taste, ingredients and production process, right up to the triumphs and failures of breweries large and small. This always makes a visit to Kaiser Franz an unforgettable experience: both for the tastebuds and the mind!

    So wird aus einem Barbesuch im Kaiser Franz ein unvergessliches Erlebnis. Right: Team Sei kein Mann! And how better to kick off the new year than with lots of laughter? Und wie kann man besser ins neue Jahr starten als mit viel Lachen? Proper theatre at its best! Echtes Theater eben! The Longstreet Bar in Zurich has, since more than a decade ago, helped a formerly neglected, infamous neighbourhood to grow into a much-visited and vivacious area, and an essential nightlife destination.

    The charm and flair of the Cabaret venue formerly based here were retained with unique, stylish interior ideas. Das einzigartige Interieur erinnert Besucher an die Zeiten, als hier noch ein Cabaret etabliert war. Attracting urban hipsters with a sharp sense for trends and fashion, music and lifestyle, the Longstreet Bar also forms a haven for the residents of the adjoining new business office buildings. Here, guests can bathe in large wooden barrels. The journey takes guests from the vaults right up to the top of the roof: from the emerald bath, over the meditation bath, steam bath and Kneipp zone, up to the roof bath under the open sky with a spectacular view over city and mountains.

    A certain sequence of rooms and treatments first warm up the body, then clean it and finally cool it down again. Subterranean bathing with a mountain view An alternative to the city bath lies in the middle of the Swiss Alps: the mineral bath and spa Rigi Kaltbad. It has ties to a. The Rigi Kaltbad lies underneath the village square, and glass skylights, formed like crystals, bring in light during the day and lighten up the square at night. The connected spa area contains, among other things, a herb sauna and a unique crystal bath: the square-metre-large, completely flooded room lies nine metres below the village square.

    What winter sportspeople want What factors are important for skiers when choosing their next holiday destination? Which ski resorts meet the respective demands? The results were presented on 8 November in Innsbruck. The overall winner especially excelled in the category of transport comfort, but also made its guests very happy through its snow guarantee, its friendliness and its gastronomy.

    Zermatt village by night. Many ski regions react towards this trend through joining forces with their adjoining regions. The region leads the ranking with its new merger with St. Anton am Arlberg. Last winter, the demand for snow was fulfilled in most ski regions so that the management of the large amounts of snow was more of a challenge. Conclusion All in all, the competition becomes harder.

    Those who want to remain attractive to holidaymakers not only need to invest and be creative — but also need to focus on clear positioning above all. The increasing touristic offering in winter — with long-distance, city and boat trips — keeps on increasing the competitive pressure on ski regions. Increasing satisfaction values of winter sports. An interesting finding here is that the satisfaction values of the frontrunners increase stronger than those of other ski resorts — with progressive expectations. After all, the more famous and thus, more expensive a ski region is, the more critical its guests are.

    That is why they have to put even more effort in to achieve high satisfaction values. A clear positioning seems to be hugely important. In other words: what does the region stand for? According to study director Mike Partel, the greatest challenge remains to be the decreasing loyalty towards ski regions around 30 per cent of people constantly change their preferred ski region. Even content guests want to see and experience many new offerings — as opposed to previous generations. More rankings and information about the study can be found on the following website: www.

    Im Ungarn war das erste Land mit einem eigenen Studienfach Zahnmedizin. Mehr Informationen unter: www. When nature needs a little help For many of us, having children is a natural progression of life. But sometimes, nature needs a little bit of help, and fortunately, there are plenty of modern procedures available to support the path to pregnancy. Arvind Chandra and his team help more couples than average to longwanted pregnancies. The comprehensive consultation is not only very personal but also stands out as being very empathetic.

    Many members of the medical team have suffered from pregnancy issues themselves and have become parents thanks to fertility treatments. Arvind Chandra adds. Chandra hinzu. Aside from the caring consultation, the practice also convinces with its outstanding pregnancy rate of over 40 per cent. In Germany, this method is still fairly new, but it is widely used in Scandinavia. It results in a pregnancy rate of up to 50 per cent per transfer, while excessive fertilised eggs can be frozen.

    Chandra and his team combine sensitivity and innovation with years of experience. The fertility clinic Freyja IVF Hagen offers the whole range of common fertility treatments and is specialised in a gentle form of in vitro fertilisation within the natural or minimally stimulated cycle. The experienced team around founder-duo Dr. Reza Soleimani applies a holistic approach to fertility and offers accompanying natural medicine therapies. Reza Soleimani folgt beim Thema Reproduktionsmedizin einem ganzheitlichen Ansatz und bietet begleitende naturheilkundliche Therapien an.

    The team at Freyja IVF Hagen puts an emphasis on holistic approaches and realises fertility treatments as gentle and as effective as possible for each couple individually. This method can sometimes even help when the classic stimulation protocols have not led to pregnancy so far. Different methods are explained, and couples can get a first impression of the clinic. For those looking for a holistic approach to in-vitro-fertilisation, Dr. Es lohnt sich einen der monatlich stattfindenden Info-Abende zu besuchen.

    Ceres is not only the goddess of fertility, but has also lent her name to Ceres Kinderwunschzentrum Berlin. The desire to have a child is one of the strongest emotions we carry in us, regardless if we are in a relationship or single. At Ceres, everyone is welcome, including same-sex couples and single women. Ceres Kinderwunschzentrum Berlin has been an expert for 20 years in the diagnosis and treatment to help satisfy the unfulfilled wish to have a child.

    Reinhard Hannen and Dr. Christian F. Stoll, are supported by an empathetic and highly motivated team of nurses and biologists. Hierbei werden die Zentrumsinhaber Dr. Reinhard Hannen und Dr. Excellent up-to-date technical facilities and the certified expertise of the biologists continuously secure pregnancy rates above the average.

    A special focus lies on the clarification and treatment of patients with a history of failed fertility therapies. Here, special methods such as IMSI or a comprehensive evaluation of their immune system will be considered. Stoll adds. Stoll hinzu. Despite the many technical aspects, at Ceres, great importance is placed on personal support with a lot of heart and empathy. As an international fertility clinic, everyone speaks English there. Innovation as far as the eye can see Start-ups are the future. Thinking outside the box and taking that leap of faith to build a business on a new idea takes intelligence, courage and passion.

    Many passengers end up in a situation at the airport where their plans are thrown overboard, as their flight is either delayed by several hours or cancelled altogether. If passengers then try to claim their rightful compensation on their own, many airlines make it very difficult, or often downright refuse. This is where Flightright comes in. Hier hilft Flightright. When trying to get compensation for a cancellation, Flightright founder and lawyer Philipp Kadelbach had to experience the stubbornness of airlines for himself.

    Here, the idea for Flightright was born — an online-based legal service for everyone. Since it was founded, the company has enforced countless compensation claims and strengthened passenger rights by pushing through leading court decisions. Hieraus entstand die Idee zu Flightright - einer online-basierten Rechtsdienstleistung. The vom Arbeitgeber bezahlt wurde. Travellers , oder Euro je nach Distanz. If airlines try to circumvent the payment of com- Airline.

    This way, auch bis vor Gericht. Das Beste: Die Erfolgsprovision wird law you can enforce your claim up to three years after your flight? With the voucher their rights. Valid until 31 March clients. A new app is taking the market by storm: GETAWAY makes it possible to easily rent out your private car for any time frame, regardless of when or where — and without having to hand over keys.

    If you are curious, just download the app and check how much your car could earn. A car only moves around 45 minutes per day. The rest of the time it is parked, often while still costing money. Ein Auto wird durchschnittlich nur 45 Minuten am Tag bewegt. In der restlichen Zeit steht es still und verursacht Kosten. Car keys and petrol card are kept in the glove compartment and each rental is completed at the starting point. With this idea, Scholler wants to free cities from parked cars and give everyone access to sustainable and affordable individual mobility.